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this is a sample-example apt sources.list, because the perfect sources.list it is science for itself 🙂

(this is not an perfect sources.list but one that was tested and works)

right now not including non-free would mean lenovo laptop users can use LAN but not WIFI.

also:  without the (privacy wise sub-optimal,  because it does not allow setting primary dns only “additional dns”) networks-manager-gnome package, it is

not convenient to manage wifis under Gnome2 MATE

su - root
apt update
apt install network-manager-gnome

requirements: (https enabled apt)

apt install apt-transport-https

Debian 11 (installed from scratch /etc/apt/sources.list)

hostnamectl; # tested on
Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 11 (bullseye)
Kernel: Linux 5.10.0-9-amd64
Architecture: x86-64

cat /etc/apt/sources.list

#deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 11.1.0 _Bullseye_ - Official amd64 NETINST 20211009-10:07]/ bullseye main

deb https://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/debian/ bullseye main contrib non-free
deb-src https://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/debian/ bullseye main contrib non-free

deb https://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main contrib non-free

deb https://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contrib
deb-src https://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contrib

# uncomment this, if the user wants to install virtualbox
# deb https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian bullseye contrib

# This system was installed using small removable media
# (e.g. netinst, live or single CD). The matching "deb cdrom"
# entries were disabled at the end of the installation process.
# For information about how to configure apt package sources,
# see the sources.list(5) manual.

after upgrade Debian 10 -> 11: /etc/apt/sources.list

hostnamectl; # tested on
Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 11 (bullseye)
Kernel: Linux 5.10.0-9-amd64
Architecture: x86-64

cat /etc/apt/sources.list

# deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 10.7.0 _Buster_ - Unofficial amd64 NETINST with firmware 20201205-11:16]/ bullseye contrib main non-free

deb https://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/debian/ bullseye main
deb-src https://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/debian/ bullseye main

deb https://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main contrib non-free

deb https://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contrib
deb-src https://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contrib

# bullseye-updates, previously known as 'volatile'
deb https://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/debian/ bullseye-updates main contrib non-free
deb-src https://ftp.halifax.rwth-aachen.de/debian/ bullseye-updates main contrib non-free 

# uncomment this, if the user wants to install virtualbox
# deb https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian bullseye contrib
# deb-src https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian bullseye contrib

 

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