software support wise that 32bit ARMv7 xu4 SoC has aged EXTREMELY WELL 😀 thanks all involved! (check prices on ebay)
- here is the “official” ArmBian (Debian 12 “bookworm” for ARM) image for the odroid xu4
- “inofficial” Debian 12 bookworm https://forum.odroid.com/viewforum.php?f=92 -> https://forum.odroid.com/viewtopic.php?f=96&t=44932
- here are the “official” and “inofficial” ODROID images
- latest “inofficial” Debian 12 including GPU acceleration (UNTESTED!) available here 😀)
- “inofficial” Debian 11 and “official” Ubuntu MATE 22.04 LTS (v6.0
- yes it can run “inofficial” Android v7
without proper GPU drivers it will not be able to playback 720p and 1080p youtube or other videos and will not be able to run mariokart SNES Emulator Retroarch.
- by now under xfce4 (+lightdm + firefox) it can do 720p and 1080p Youtube (see below screenshots and video)
- with passive cooling ARM CPU getting very hot rendering:
- 720p Youtube video 70C (158F)
- 1080p Youtube video 80C (176F)
- active cooling recommended, preferably with a quiet fan (default odroid fan is said to be noisy)
how to install xfce4 on odroid XU4
make sure network connectivity is established:
su - rootapt update # install basics apt install console-data ssh rsync # did not quiet do it apt install armbian-bullseye-desktop-xfce # should do it apt install xfce4 lightdm xorg tango-icon-theme gnome-icon-theme firefox-esr pavucontrol pulseaudio
update: 2019-10: what it does:
- one can install a very decent Debian and have okay working speed so yes it can be seen as a very energy efficient (5V based) and still usable (definately faster than pi2) desktop system (99% of all packages available
- clock for performance: one can manually set the CPU to “performance” with the tool:
(maximum clock speed at all times) but then things get very fast but also 90°C and more hot (very very hot) so not recommended, so better to select “ondemand” and “from 200 Mhz to 1400 or 2000 Mhz
- if one needs maximum performance consider installing active cooling fan and set clock to permanent maximum.
Super Mario Kart (retroarch) can be played pretty smooth (50-60fps at about 60-75°C) with a little cpu tuning.
this blog post update is written on the xu4 Debian Jessie 8 (Game Station Turbo Image, (direct download link) then recommended to download 500MBytes of updates then firefox stable) and Firefox 60.9.0esr (32-bit)
one is pretty new to Kodi (it comes with older version Javis) can’t really say anything about it… have never used it.
odroid@gamestation-turbo:~$ hostnamectl Static hostname: gamestation-turbo Icon name: computer Chassis: n/a Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 8 (jessie) Kernel: Linux 3.10.106+ Architecture: arm
what it does not:
- netflix.com refused to work (as app AND browser (#wtf!?)) (well this guy has managed to even on an older C1) (tried all possible variants of the app (if one got it working let me know))
- suspected problem: no 32bit Widevine support? (Google Chrome dropped 32bit Widevine support but chromium is still going (Source))
- so this could be the problem… that 32Bit ARM is simply not supported by Widevine?
- (Raspberry Pi 3 can run it… the older Raspberries seem too slow for the job)
- neither Debian 8 (Jessie) Firefox (60.9 esr) nor Android + NetFlix App (won’t install straight from Play Store because it says “hardware not supported” but even when one exports the App via AppExtractor from a Android Phone and installs it on Android on xu4 Netflix refuses to work (the blame here goes largely to netflix & google)
- who needs netflix if one can have Scott Manley’s Youtube Channel about Space stuff? HURRAY 🙂 X-D
- okay, Mr Manley has become lame… not posting a lot about space. (it seems like he became bored of his own youtube channel? “too much success”)
you can get the ODROID with HDMI (monitor/screen with audio) output:
(2.1GHz Quad-Core (Cortex®-A15 (32Bit)) + 1.4GHz Quad-Core (Cortex®-A7 (32Bit)))
bootup dmesg output of recent Armbian:
- a fast microsd card with 64GBytes of storage
- a USB Hub (will run out of ports (only 3x) fast (mouse, keyboard, wifi stick, joypad1 and joypad2)
- usb wifi adapter like 148f:5572 Ralink Technology, Corp. RT5572 Wireless Adapter
lsusb Bus 006 Device 002: ID 0bda:8153 Realtek Semiconductor Corp. Bus 006 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub Bus 005 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 004 Device 002: ID 05e3:0616 Genesys Logic, Inc. Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub Bus 003 Device 006: ID 0079:0011 DragonRise Inc. Gamepad Bus 003 Device 005: ID 046d:c00e Logitech, Inc. M-BJ58/M-BJ69 Optical Wheel Mouse Bus 003 Device 004: ID 1a40:0101 Terminus Technology Inc. 4-Port HUB Bus 003 Device 003: ID 0461:0010 Primax Electronics, Ltd HP Keyboard Bus 003 Device 002: ID 05e3:0610 Genesys Logic, Inc. 4-port hub Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub Bus 001 Device 002: ID 148f:5572 Ralink Technology, Corp. RT5572 Wireless Adapter Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub lsmod|grep rt28 rt2800usb 17720 0 rt2800lib 75674 1 rt2800usb rt2x00usb 10723 1 rt2800usb rt2x00lib 43390 3 rt2x00usb,rt2800lib,rt2800usb mac80211 567210 3 rt2x00lib,rt2x00usb,rt2800lib dmesg|grep rt2x [ 23.250784] [c6] ieee80211 phy0: rt2x00_set_rt: Info - RT chipset 5592, rev 0222 detected [ 23.286987] [c6] ieee80211 phy0: rt2x00_set_rf: Info - RF chipset 000f detected [ 24.978846] [c4] ieee80211 phy0: rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Info - Loading firmware file 'rt2870.bin' [ 25.010855] [c4] ieee80211 phy0: rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Info - Firmware detected - version: 0.29 dmesg|less # then search for /ieee80211 [ 23.250784] [c6] ieee80211 phy0: rt2x00_set_rt: Info - RT chipset 5592, rev 0222 detected [ 23.263058] [c5] cfg80211: (57240000 KHz - 63720000 KHz @ 2160000 KHz), (N/A, 0 mBm), (N/A) [ 23.286987] [c6] ieee80211 phy0: rt2x00_set_rf: Info - RF chipset 000f detected [ 23.296854] [c6] ieee80211 phy0: Selected rate control algorithm 'minstrel_ht' [ 23.298225] [c6] usbcore: registered new interface driver rt2800usb [ 24.958894] [c4] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready [ 24.978846] [c4] ieee80211 phy0: rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Info - Loading firmware file 'rt2870.bin' [ 25.010855] [c4] ieee80211 phy0: rt2x00lib_request_firmware: Info - Firmware detected - version: 0.29
cpu frequency clock speed mhz monitoring script: (works on intel x86 CPUs as well)
this will monitor “on demand” changes to cpu clock in real time… (1 sec interval)
while true; do echo "===== arm based cpu frequency monitoring =====" sort /proc/cpuinfo | uniq for d in /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu* ; do if [ -f "$d/cpufreq/scaling_cur_freq" ] then echo "$d"; cat $d/cpufreq/scaling_cur_freq; fi done sleep 1; clear; done
===== arm based cpu frequency monitoring ===== /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0 300000 /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1 300000 /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2 800000 /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3 800000 /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu4 600000 /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu5 600000 /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu6 600000 /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu7 600000
what does it look like?
What SoC are you using?
The SoC is a Samsung Exynos5422 Octa.
What GPU does it include?
An ARM Mali-T628 6 Core.
Complex components such as the XU4 processor may reach temperatures as high as 95°C. At high temperatures, the processor will throttle itself and operate slower so that temperatures do not continue to increase.
The 30-pin GPIO port can be used as GPIO/IRQ/SPI/ADC, and the 12-pin GPIO port can be used as GPIO/I2S/I2C for electronics and robotics. The GPIO pins on an ODROID-XU4 are a great way to interface with physical devices like buttons and LEDs using a lightweight Linux controller. If you’re a C/C++ or Python developer, there’s a useful library called WiringPi that handles interfacing with the pins, which is described in Chapter 4. Note that all of the GPIO ports are 1.8Volt, and the ADC inputs are limited to 1.8Volt. If a sensor or peripheral
needs higher voltage, the GPIO ports may be level-shifted to 3.3V or 5V using the XU4 Level Shifter Shield.
Serial console port
Connecting to a PC gives access to the Linux console. You can monitor the boot process, or to log in to the XU4 to perform root maintenance.
Note that this serial UART uses a 1.8 volt interface, and it is recommended to use the USB-UART module kit available from Hardkernel.
A Molex 5268-04a (2.5mm pitch) is mounted on the PCB, and its mate is Molex 50-37-5043 Wire-to-Board Crimp Housing.
RTC (Real Time Clock) backup battery connector
If you want to add a RTC functions for logging or keeping time when offline, just connect a Lithium coin backup battery (CR2032 or equivalent). All of the RTC circuits are included on the ODROID-XU4 by default. It connects with a Molex 53398-0271 1.25mm pitch Header, Surface Mount, Vertical type (Mate with Molex 51021-0200).
The Realtek RTL8211F is a highly intergrated 10/100/1000M Ethernet transceiver that complies with 10Base-T, 100Base-TX, and 1000Base-T IEEE 802.3 standards.
USB MTT hub controller
The Genesys GL3521 is a 2-port, low-power, and configurable
USB 3.0 SuperSpeed hub controller.
community support forum: https://forum.odroid.com/
download images firmware os software
first of all if you want to use the MicroSDCARD you will have to flip the switch to the left:
i used this image of stretch (debian9): https://forum.odroid.com/viewtopic.php?f=96&t=30552
overall the xu4 is more powerful hence a better better/ quicker desktop replacement than raspberry pi 2 (did not test version 3) but it is not perfect.
You can clearly feel a lack of computing power and speed when you fire up gimp to “quickly” edit some screenshots – it works – but even 8x
model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) BogoMIPS : 36.00
- gnome mate works 🙂 (this is what you see screenshot above)
- LibreOffice works 🙂
- hdmi video and sound works! (tested with Samsung TV)
- firefox (could not get youtube hardware encoding to work yet, also not DRM so netflix not working 🙁
- youtube works
- thunderbird does not work “Segmentation fault” but mail client evolution does 🙂
- use retroarch for gaming / game emulation
- vlc does not work, you can use cvlc /path/video.mp4
- gimp works 🙂
- blobby volley works perfectly with 75 FPS
- SuperTux2 works
- chromium does not work:
- chromium –version
Chromium 70.0.3538.110 built on Debian 9.6, running on Debian 9.6
- here is the log: chromium crash.txt
- chromium –version
- gnome mate works 🙂 (this is what you see screenshot above)
- webcam cheese works!
- /etc/apt/sources.list looks like this.
- list all installed software: dpkg -ldpkg-l-installed-software
hostnamectl Static hostname: odroid Icon name: computer Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch) Kernel: Linux 4.14.81+ Architecture: arm uname -a Linux odroid 4.14.81+ #1 SMP PREEMPT Fri Nov 16 14:06:58 UTC 2018 armv7l GNU/Linux
ODROID GameStation Turbo https://magazine.odroid.com/article/os-spotlight-odroid-gamestation-turbo/
load it onto sdcard
warning! POTENTIAL DATALOSS! selecting the wrong device can OVERWRITE DATA ON YOUR COMPUTER ATTACHED HARDDISKS!
insert sdcard into your sdcard reader..
wget http://de.eu.odroid.in/ubuntu_16.04lts/ubuntu-16.04.3-4.14-minimal-odroid-xu4-20171213.img.xz; # download image lsblk; # make sure you identify the right hardware. NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 119.2G 0 disk ├─sda1 8:1 0 49G 0 part /projects ├─sda5 8:5 0 67.4G 0 part / └─sda6 8:6 0 2.9G 0 part [SWAP] sr0 11:0 1 1024M 0 rom mmcblk0 179:0 0 14.9G 0 disk └─mmcblk0p1 179:1 0 14.9G 0 part # mmcblk0p1 is the first partition on device mmcblk0 (the sdcard) apt-get install xz-utils; # install maybe missing unpacking software md5sum ubuntu-16.04.3-4.14-minimal-odroid-xu4-20171213.img.xz; # check if md5sum matches unxz ubuntu-16.04.3-4.14-minimal-odroid-xu4-20171213.img.xz; # unpack the image umount /dev/mmcblk0p1; # unmount sdcard time # write directly md5sum -c ubuntu-16.04.3-4.14-minimal-odroid-xu4-20171213.img.xz.md5sum; # verify downloaded file has no errors ubuntu-16.04.3-4.14-minimal-odroid-xu4-20171213.img.xz: OK # two possible ways to continue # write directly unpack on the fly xzcat /download/folder/ubuntu-16.04.3-4.14-minimal-odroid-xu4-20171213.img.xz | sudo dd bs=41 of=/dev/mmcblk0 watch kill -USR1 $(pgrep ^dd); # watch progress, it will copy 1.8GByte sync; # run this to write disk cache to disk # or # unpack first unxz ubuntu-16.04.3-4.14-minimal-odroid-xu4-20171213.img.xz; # unpack 1.8GByte # possibly this tool was called un-xz, if unxz does not work try un-xz? # umount the sdcard umount /dev/mmcblk0* # write the image dd bs=1M if=/download/folder/ubuntu-16.04.3-4.14-minimal-odroid-xu4-20171213.img of=/dev/mmcblk0; # write image to sdcard watch kill -USR1 $(pgrep ^dd); # watch progress, it will copy 1.8GByte sync; # run this to write disk cache to disk # NOTE! # during first boot it sits for 3-5 minutes on this message: # "random crng init done" # it then reboots and sits again on this message... # this is NORMAL! it does some partition resizing! this takes time. # (using the full size of the sdcard) # please wait paitently. # if one hour later nothing has changed # and you do not see a login screen # restart try again... # or # either powersupply is insufficient # or # sdcard has problems, check it for bad sectors and/or exchange umount /dev/mmcblk0* badblocks -n -v /dev/mmcblk0
depending on if you can connect a monitor or not:
- insert micro sdcard…
- LAN connect ODROID XU4 to a DHCP-server ((DSL) router/fritzbox with DHCP enabled)
- LAN connect PC/Laptop to the same DHCP-server
- start wireshark on your laptop and power on ODROID XU4.
networking: dhcp and finding odroid’s ip
can be a little pain in the a….fternoon.
the ubuntu ODROID XU4 image does not come with a fixed IP, so you will have to connect it to some sort of DHCP-server (router) in order to ssh into it, or install the dhcp-server-service under debian 8. (maybe as VirtualBox VM).
you can also use wireshark and to listen to network activity related to the odroid (dhcp-offer) and find it’s IP this way.
you are looking for simething like:
15 2.286036000 Wibrain_30:cf:9b Broadcast ARP 60 Who has 192.168.0.1? Tell 192.168.1.101
or use nmap network scanner to find it’s ip…
nmap -n -v -p 1-255 -n -sS 192.168.10.0/24 Initiating SYN Stealth Scan at 22:21 Scanning 192.168.10.10 [255 ports] Discovered open port 22/tcp on 192.168.10.1
modify the above line depending in what kind of subnet your router is operating. (192.168.XXX.XXX)
ssh into it
usr: root / usr: odroid pwd: odroid root@odroid:~# hostnamectl Static hostname: odroid Icon name: computer Operating System: Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS Kernel: Linux 4.14.5-92 Architecture: arm
CONGRATULATIONS! YOU LOGGED IN SUCCESSFULLY THE FIRST TIME TO YOUR EMBEDDED POWERHOUSE!
fix the ip
to not have to hassle with dhcp servers again one can change the ip to fixed via:
fill it with this content:
# The loopback network interface auto lo iface lo inet loopback # The primary network interface auto eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.0.111 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.0.1 dns-nameservers 192.168.0.1
modify the orange parts so it fits your LAN settings – then type:
if everything went straight… you should be able to ping the odroid on 0.111 and ssh into it on 0.111
messing with the odroid
the first thing you probably do with a new system is check for updates…
if your network settings are correct your odroid should be able to access the internet.
ping yahoo.com; # check if internet is working apt update; # update package index Hit:1 http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports xenial InRelease Hit:2 http://ppa.launchpad.net/saiarcot895/myppa/ubuntu xenial InRelease Get:3 http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports xenial-updates InRelease [102 kB] Hit:4 http://deb.odroid.in/5422-s xenial InRelease Get:5 http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports xenial-backports InRelease [102 kB] Get:6 http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports xenial-security InRelease [102 kB] Get:7 http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports xenial-updates/main Sources [286 kB] Get:8 http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports xenial-updates/main armhf Packages [587 kB] Get:9 http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports xenial-updates/universe armhf Packages [499 kB] Fetched 1678 kB in 2s (667 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done apt upgrade; # upgrade system The following packages have been kept back: linux-image-xu3 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 1 not upgraded. apt install linux-image-xu3; # force upgrade of this package # what follows is this scary message that one accepts by selecting "No" # then an output like this should follow... apt autoremove; # remove packages that have become obsolete reboot; # reboot now to load new kernel Connection to 192.168.0.111 closed by remote host. Connection to 192.168.0.111 closed. ping 192.168.0.111; # after round about 30 seconds the odroid xu4 should have rebooted and respond to your pings PING 192.168.0.111 (192.168.0.111) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 192.168.0.111: icmp_seq=27 ttl=64 time=1.12 ms 64 bytes from 192.168.0.111: icmp_seq=28 ttl=64 time=0.513 ms 64 bytes from 192.168.0.111: icmp_seq=29 ttl=64 time=0.480 ms apt install htop vim rsync; # install cool software task monitor htop, vim, rsync htop; # and start it # as you can see the 8x CPUs of the odroid xu4 are pretty bored right now
apt install sysbench; # let's install them some work mkdir /scripts vim /scripts/bench_cpu.sh #!/bin/bash NUM_CORES=$(grep -c ^processor /proc/cpuinfo) echo "============ CPU MIPS and FLOPS" cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -ie hardware; cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -ie model; cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -ie mips; cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -ie flops; echo "============ CPU BENCHMARK" sysbench --test=cpu --cpu-max-prime=20000 run --num-threads=$NUM_CORES
:wq save and quit or download it.
wget https://dwaves.de/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/bench_cpu.sh_.txt; # download script mv bench_cpu.sh_.txt bench_cpu.sh; # rename chmod +x /scripts/bench_cpu.sh; # make script executable /scripts/bench_cpu.sh; # run it ============ CPU MIPS and FLOPS Hardware : ODROID-XU4 model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) model name : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l) ============ CPU BENCHMARK sysbench 0.4.12: multi-threaded system evaluation benchmark Running the test with following options: Number of threads: 8 Doing CPU performance benchmark Threads started! Done. Maximum prime number checked in CPU test: 20000 Test execution summary: total time: 37.4554s total number of events: 10000 total time taken by event execution: 299.4689 per-request statistics: min: 23.26ms avg: 29.95ms max: 44.59ms approx. 95 percentile: 40.59ms Threads fairness: events (avg/stddev): 1250.0000/327.26 execution time (avg/stddev): 37.4336/0.01
so the benchmark ran in 37 seconds. (rerun with the debian jessie 8 turbo game station image and performance governer: execution time (avg/stddev): 56.9216/0.01…)
on an QuadCore Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-4200U CPU @ 1.60GHz the benchmark run in 14.60 seconds.
so the 8x core ODROID X4U is 2.5 times slower than the 4x core i5 at 1.60 GHZ using all available cores.
while doing this
vim /scripts/cpu_temp.sh #!/bin/bash while true ; do cpu_temp=$(< /sys/class/thermal/thermal_zone0/temp) cpu_temp=$(($cpu_temp/1000)) echo $cpu_temp C sleep 1; clear; done # executes COMMAND every second
i monitored the temp of the cpu for around 30minutes while running all 8 cores full speed.
the system is PASSIVELY cooled and seems to throttles the CPUs automatically when 80 degrees Celsius are reached.
maximum measured temp was 82 Celsius (179.6 F).
the passively cooled case got warm but not uncomfortably hot. i have heard raspberry had problems with heat.
when the benchmark was over the temps dropped instantly to 53 C.
Real Time Clock: RTC
just as the Raspberry pi, the odroid needs a battery to keep clock when it is turned off.
ODROID-HC1 no HDMI but SATA version
there is/was a NAS/SATA variation (headless, no GPU, no HDMI, no screen/monitor) : https://www.pollin.de/p/odroid-hc1-einplatinen-computer-fuer-nas-und-cluster-anwendungen-810766 for 60€.
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