Update: 2019-07: those machines are SUPERB reliable and fast and work very well with Linux (this update is written on exactly this machine with CentOS7/Rhel7/RedHat7 (usually used for server but works nice as client as well))
the Giada F300 is a fanless i5 or i3 computer with up to 16GB of RAM (has only one SO-DIMM slot) and 120GB SSD (can only attach one) is actually designed for digital signage usage…
- idle power usage 17 Watts
- industrial grade PC (unfortunately not produced anymore 3 years later ?)
- superb speed and reliability
- also BIOS boots pretty fast
- 2x front USB 4x back USB (4x USB 3.0)
- dual monitor hdmi and display port
the data gonna go on a QNAP NAS 219 Turbo
- this NAS is (imho) pretty slow (CPU)
- it is okay but not fast (searching a 2TB drive takes real 23m)
- it is busybox, so commands like “find” are not the full-scale find, for example it only does -name but not -iname (upper and lower case search)
currently only 4GB of RAM are installed… which is okay if you don’t wanna run more than 2x VirtualBox VMs at the same time.
a Apple Mac Pro 3.1 (Early 2008) 8×2.8Ghz (2X Quadcore) 12 GB RAM 1xSSD+RAID 2 TB consuming
The Giada (20-30W) + NAS should not consume more than 50 Watts altogether (under load)… but i still have to measure that.
- it uses only 17 Watts in idle!
Which is 6x times less than that MacTower (that i loved… because it was fast… looked cool… robust hardware… bought it second hand… now sold it third hand… )
Finalizing my move from Windows to Apple Mac OSX (5 years) to LINUX DEBIAN! (hopefully less than 5 years ;-p)
Most of my stuff i have running in VirtualBox VMs anyway.
So no need to massively reinstall things.
first we gonna install wheezy stable and then upgrade our distro… (i tried to install Testing directly… but “failed to mount root device”
What you need:
1. an GIADA F300 with i5 or i3 and Intel HD Graphics 4400
2. TWO (!) usb sticks – one for the
0. hook up your GIADA to an LAN with internet access
1. format both USB STICK to Fat32 (if allready… it will not overwrite your files… but your stick’s content will look chaotic afterwards… so better backup & restore later)
2. get Debian 8 “Jessie” iso from https://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/?
3. get the super cool ISO 2 USB STICK TOOL: http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/
mirror: unetbootin Win Lin OSX.zip
select DiskImage -> … your just downloaded: debian-jessie-DI-rc1-amd64-netinst.iso
DO NOT USE THE “SELECT DISTRO INTERNET DOWNLOAD OPTION”… it works for wheezy but not for jessie rc1.
4. download the network card (non-free) firmware to the root of your second usb stick:
mirror: firmware-realtek_0.36+wheezy.1_all.deb.zip (unzip it)
5. plug first USB Stick into the FRONT USB of your Giada
6. Start Giada…
7. Hit DEL/ENTF in order to get into bios and configure to boot from stick first instead of harddisk (while beeing in BIOS change the harddisk type from HDD to SSD and disable the “agressive” energy saving option)
Hit F10 to save and exit
8. you should see this boot screen:
… if your screen only has one entry… you probably used the unetbootin internet download option… and it gonna fail with “could not mount root filesystem”.
… hit the “Default” option and continue.
You get into Grafical Debian setup:
9. sooner or later it will ask you for: “The missing firmware files are: rtl_nic/rtl8168e-3.fw (this is the network card… you can not continue without it)
insert the second USB stick to the second front port… hit “YES”.
… it should then configure the network successfully… (DHCP)
10. you might encounter some strange errors… just try yes or no… (after several NOs… i could continue)
if you know what you do, do the partitioning manually… otherwise use guided – full disk… all in one partition…
11. i first gonna try LXDE because i need every bit of RAM for virtualization 😉
i might checkout GNOME 3 later…
12. FINISHED! 🙂
first thing i do:
# get some basic tools apt-get install ssh rsync htop gnome-screenshot; # make ll work in terminal (relogin afterwards) echo 'alias ll="ls -lah"' >> /etc/bash.bashrc; # create script to automount NAS vim /scripts/mount123.sh # content echo "wait for QNAP.123 to powerup"; sleep 100; echo "mount QNAP.123" mount 192.168.1.123:/DATA /mnt/DATA/ # insert it here to autostart with root priviliges vim /etc/init.d/rc.local case "$1" in start) do_start /scripts/mount123.sh & # mount qnap NAS NFS SHARE
debian enable num block on boot
find / -name *greeter.conf; # find greeter.conf echo "greeter-setup-script=/usr/bin/numlockx on" >> /etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf; # add config line at end of file apt-get install numlockx; # The package automatically installs session script to enable numlock on session start. reboot; # reboot
i like to use the OS in english, type in germany (german keyboard layout) but have my date like this: YYYY/MM/DD similar how the number system works.
unfortunately this is not soooo super easy.
locale; # check what locale is beeing used
cp /usr/share/i18n/locales/en_US /usr/share/i18n/locales/custom; # make a backup copy of locales in use en_US
vim /usr/share/i18n/locales/custom # modify the locoales
% Appropriate date representation (%x) % "%Y/%m/%d" d_fmt ""
Save and exit your text editor.
You now have a custom locale in the file “custom”.
In order for the system to use it, you need to compile it into a system readable locale definition.
This can be done using the locale compiler by executing:
sudo localedef -f UTF-8 -i custom custom.UTF-8
Now the new custom locale is available to the system,
you need to configure the system to use it.
Do this by editing the file
and adding (or modifying) the line:
All that remains is to log out and log in again, or restart any system services, to see the new format being applied.
HAVE PHUN! 🙂