Category: Debian


to be honest… i find all of those meassurement tools too complicated to install. they probably all have their validity – but why not simply do it like this: given that you have a webserver installed and the web-root is […]


debian has „codenames“ for it’s releases… i always get confused which codename is what release number. with those commands you can easily identify both. hostnamectl seems to be the cross-distribution solution for that. user@suse12:~> hostnamectl Static hostname: suse12.domain Transient hostname: […]


per default debian is not configured to forward traffic. on server/router/gateway: ping; # make sure internet connection works ifconfig eth0:0 netmask up; # add additional ip vim /etc/sysctl.conf # Uncomment the next line to enable packet forwarding […]

watch linus torvalds work – lawyers try to destroy linux and the planet
13.06.2017 problem: lawyers without social skills WILL destroy the planet and mankind and linux „Linux’s creator is stepping back from his Linux kernel work — to work instead on his behavior toward other developers.“ Also: Linus Torvalds‘ love-hate relationship […]

system logging – log files – rsyslog rsyslogd

TOS-based systems (Atari ST) used a row of bombs to indicate a critical system error. Number of bombs displayed revealed information about the error. The error (also called an exception) is reported by the Motorola 68000 microprocessor. The very first […]

linux time zones – change timezone

file access modify creation time will always be in UTC format. In which time offset is +hours or -hours from Longitude: 0° (Prime Meridian) Prime meridian (Greenbich) GPS: 0° 00′ 05.3101″ W Other names: Z / Zulu Time Zone Time […]

apt cheat sheed

About: apt is a mainly-online-repository-based („AppStore“) software installation – package management system used by Debian and Ubuntu. But – you can also manually download a package.deb and install it with dpkg -i package.deb. What might be confusing – it consists […]

installing lilo boot loader on debian8 – just because you can

uname -a; # tested with Linux debian 3.16.0-4-686-pae #1 SMP Debian 3.16.43-2 (2017-04-30) i686 GNU/Linux su; # become root apt-get update; apt-get install lilo; # install the thing liloconfig; # generate config file /sbin/lilo; # install lilo to mbr enjoy […]


the commands used for xfs are different. this is only valid for ext3/ext4. preparation: you should move your /home to a separate partition. Warning! You will need to have „physical“ access to the server’s console in order to perform these […]


what real value can add linux to mankind? efficiency – less power consumed – less waste – because it runs well on old hardware as well transparency – should actually dissalow tyrannie and dictatorship – because you SHOULD acutally be […]


tested on Debian 8.7 change background picture: use gimp to create a png with the dimensions: 640px x 480px (to reduce filesize go Image -> Mode -> Indexed -> 256 Colors… ) Ctrl+E -> Export to background-grub-ideal-linux.png # copy that […]


there are multiple possibilities… # if you have vlc player installed (apt-get install vlc) cvlc –play-and-exit Debian_Linux_Startup_Linux_Sound_Collection.ogg # paplay seems to be part of the package: pulseaudio-utils – Befehlszeilenwerkzeuge für den Soundserver PulseAudio paplay Debian_Linux_Startup_Linux_Sound_Collection.ogg snould work both 🙂 try […]


in this example, i want to remove boinc, because it takes ages to shutdown during shutdown… can’t wait that long… in general: aptitude is better at handling dependencies than apt apt-get –purge autoremove packagename; # in general su; # become […]

Debian8.7 vs CentOS7 vs. SUSE12 – kernel version – filesystem – directory structure – RAM memory usage

it is interesting to see what kernel+filesystem the distributions rely on. Kernels: While CentOS is still on 3.10, Debian is believing in 3.16, and SUSE is „latest“ with it’s 4.4 Version kernel. you can upgrade with Debian to […]