Category: GNU Linux Debian


the commands used for xfs are different. this is only valid for ext3/ext4. preparation: you should move your /home to a separate partition. Warning! You will need to have „physical“ access to the server’s console in order to perform these […]


what real value can add linux to mankind? efficiency – less power consumed – less waste – because it runs well on old hardware as well transparency – should actually dissalow tyrannie and dictatorship – because you SHOULD acutally be […]


tested on Debian 8.7 change background picture: use gimp to create a png with the dimensions: 640px x 480px (to reduce filesize go Image -> Mode -> Indexed -> 256 Colors… ) Ctrl+E -> Export to background-grub-ideal-linux.png # copy that […]


there are multiple possibilities… # if you have vlc player installed (apt-get install vlc) cvlc –play-and-exit Debian_Linux_Startup_Linux_Sound_Collection.ogg # paplay seems to be part of the package: pulseaudio-utils – Befehlszeilenwerkzeuge für den Soundserver PulseAudio paplay Debian_Linux_Startup_Linux_Sound_Collection.ogg snould work both 🙂 try […]


in this example, i want to remove boinc, because it takes ages to shutdown during shutdown… can’t wait that long… in general: aptitude is better at handling dependencies than apt in general it can work like this: apt-get –purge autoremove […]

Debian8.7 vs CentOS7 vs. SUSE12 – kernel version – filesystem – directory structure – RAM memory usage

it is interesting to see what kernel+filesystem the distributions rely on. Kernels: While CentOS is still on 3.10, Debian is believing in 3.16, and SUSE is „latest“ with it’s 4.4 Version kernel. you can upgrade with Debian to […]

Open Letter to Chris Lamb – Debian Lead

Dear Mr Lamb, thanks for your work and commitment to GNU Debian Linux (right on Mr Stallmann :). i read most of and i could/would like to contribute to the Debian Website/Wiki all things web-realted. I love Debian – […]


So it seems pretty hard to find a grafix-card that runs on completely open source and not closed-source drivers. we try never the less we try. Reception and impact Cover for „Open-Source Lab“ by Joshua M. Pearce (2014). […]


it is as easy as: dd if=/dev/cdrom of=~/cdrom_image.iso in my case the dvd-drive was sr0 not cdrom. dd if=/dev/sr0 of=/mnt/sda4/DVD/filename.iso # to identify your dvd-drive you can use: inxi -d; # inxi = Command line system information script for console […]

Re Install Grub2 Linux Boot Loader with KNOPPIX

Manchmal wenn man eine Festplatte einfach von einem System (Laptop) in ein anderes System (Desktop/Workstation) plugged and played – läuft Linux meist reibungslos… aber Windows nicht, welches man evtl. für Spiele (was sonst) „braucht“ 😀 Also muss man Windows reinstallieren… […]


works like this: # tested with uname -a Linux debian 3.16.0-4-686-pae #1 SMP Debian 3.16.7-ckt25-2+deb8u3 (2016-07-02) i686 GNU/Linux cat /etc/debian_version 8.5 # compile ffmpeg from source apt-get -y install autoconf automake build-essential libass-dev libfreetype6-dev libsdl1.2-dev libtheora-dev libtool libva-dev libvdpau-dev libvorbis-dev […]


here you can download/see the manpage of iptables: iptables -L; # -L, –list [chain] # List all rules in the selected chain. # If no chain is selected, all chains are listed. # Like every other iptables command, it […]


To create a password protected rar archive archive.rar with password set to password, use: # tested with RAR 4.20 under Linux debian 3.16.0-4-686-pae #1 SMP Debian 3.16.36-1+deb8u1 (2016-09-03) i686 GNU/Linux rar a -ppassword archive.rar folder_to_be_rared/ Creating archive test.rar Adding   […]


from recording a webradio i had a load of those files, which were kind of tricky to delete. The trick is to use find instead of rm. find -name "*————— – —————*"; #dry run ./————— – ————— (20).aac ./————— – […]