if you want to send mail from a client not from a server – you will need:

  1. some client software
  2. valid account on an external mail server

warning! Sendemail is unable to accept self-signed SSL certificates… so you will need to authenticate with your mail-server in plain-text port 25 – this is not optimal

apt-cache search smtp|grep client; # search for mail client software on debian

sendemail - lightweight, command line SMTP email client <- sounds interesting
 libnet-smtp-tls-butmaintained-perl - Perl module for providing SMTP client supporting TLS and AUTH
 libnet-smtp-tls-perl - Perl SMTP client library supporting TLS and AUTH

msmtp - light SMTP client with support for server profiles <- sounds interesting
 msmtp-gnome - light SMTP client with support for server profiles - with GNOME keyring support
 msmtp-mta - light SMTP client with support for server profiles - the regular MTA
 nsca-client - Nagios service monitor agent - client package

alpine - Text-based email client, friendly for novices but powerful
 alpine-dbg - Text-based email client's debugging symbols
 automx - Provides account configuration data to mailclients
 balsa - e-mail client for GNOME
 balsa-dbg - e-mail client for GNOME - debugging symbols
 libcurl3 - easy-to-use client-side URL transfer library (OpenSSL flavour)
 libcurl3-gnutls - easy-to-use client-side URL transfer library (GnuTLS flavour)
 libcurl3-nss - easy-to-use client-side URL transfer library (NSS flavour)
 cyrus-clients - Cyrus mail system - test clients
 gnunet-fuse - secure, trust-based peer-to-peer framework (fuse filesystem client)
 gnunet-gtk - secure, trust-based peer-to-peer framework (GTK+ client)
 gnunet-gtk-dbg - secure, trust-based peer-to-peer framework (GTK+ client debug)
 gnunet-gtk-dev - secure, trust-based peer-to-peer framework (GTK+ client development)
 libghc-smtpclient-dev - Simple Haskell SMTP client library
 libghc-smtpclient-doc - Simple Haskell SMTP client library; documentation
 libghc-smtpclient-prof - Simple Haskell SMTP client library; profiling libraries
 ilohamail - Light weight yet full featured multilingual web-based IMAP/POP3 client
 libesmtp-dev - LibESMTP SMTP client library (development files)
 libesmtp6 - LibESMTP SMTP client library
 srs - command-line Sender Rewriting Scheme client

sendemail – setup config install and example

# install sendemail lightweight, command line SMTP email client

apt-get update && apt-get -y install sendemail

echo "" > /var/log/exim4/mainlog; # reset mail log
 tail -f /var/log/exim4/mainlog & # give immediate output of things that are going on

vim /scripts/sendemail.sh; # new test script for sending mail via external mail server, fill in those lines

#!/bin/bash
  # send mails via external-mail-server that supports smpt-authentication via password
  # behind -xu needs to be the username that is used to smpt-login to the server, in this case it is equal to sender's mail address, but does not necessarily need to be the same!

sendemail -o tls=no -s external-mail-sever.com -f from@external-mail-sever.com -t to@this-domain.com -u "TEST" -xu from@external-mail-sever.com -xp "Top_Secret-Password!" -m "this is the message-body-text" -a /path/to/attachment.tar.gz

ESC :x # save file and quit vim

chmod u+x /scripts/sendemail.sh; # mark it runnable

/scripts/sendemail.sh; # give it a try
 # you should get something like:
 May 22 11:38:04 debian sendemail[10798]: Email was sent successfully!

Worked perfectly! Thanks 🙂 creditz:

REPORTING BUGS
Report bugs to <http://bugs.debian.org/sendemail>

AUTHOR
sendemail was written by Brandon Zehm from dotconf.net

This manual page was written by Brandon Zehm and improved by Alejandro Garrido Mota, for the Debian project (and may be used by
others).

manpages:

sendemail.man.txt

sendemail-1.56 by Brandon Zehm <caspian@dotconf.net>

Synopsis: sendemail -f ADDRESS [options]

Required:
 -f ADDRESS from (sender) email address
 * At least one recipient required via -t, -cc, or -bcc
 * Message body required via -m, STDIN, or -o message-file=FILE

Common:
 -t ADDRESS [ADDR ...] to email address(es)
 -u SUBJECT message subject
 -m MESSAGE message body
 -s SERVER[:PORT] smtp mail relay, default is localhost:25
 -S [SENDMAIL_PATH] use local sendmail utility (default: /usr/bin/sendmail) instead of network MTA

Optional:
 -a FILE [FILE ...] file attachment(s)
 -cc ADDRESS [ADDR ...] cc email address(es)
 -bcc ADDRESS [ADDR ...] bcc email address(es)
 -xu USERNAME username for SMTP authentication
 -xp PASSWORD password for SMTP authentication

Paranormal:
 -b BINDADDR[:PORT] local host bind address
 -l LOGFILE log to the specified file
 -v verbosity, use multiple times for greater effect
 -q be quiet (i.e. no STDOUT output)
 -o NAME=VALUE advanced options, for details try: --help misc
 -o message-content-type=<auto|text|html>
 -o message-file=FILE -o message-format=raw
 -o message-header=HEADER -o message-charset=CHARSET
 -o reply-to=ADDRESS -o timeout=SECONDS
 -o username=USERNAME -o password=PASSWORD
 -o tls=<auto|yes|no> -o fqdn=FQDN



Help:
 --help the helpful overview you're reading now
 --help addressing explain addressing and related options
 --help message explain message body input and related options
 --help networking explain -s, -b, etc
 --help output explain logging and other output options
 --help misc explain -o options, TLS, SMTP auth, and more

 

sendemail --help misc

MISC DOCUMENTATION

Misc Options
Options that don't fit anywhere else:
 -a ATTACHMENT [ATTACHMENT ...]
 -xu USERNAME
 -xp PASSWORD
 -o username=USERNAME
 -o password=PASSWORD
 -o tls=<auto|yes|no>
 -o timeout=SECONDS
 -o fqdn=FQDN

-a ATTACHMENT [ATTACHMENT ...]
 This option allows you to attach any number of files to your email message.
 To specify more than one attachment, simply separate each filename with a
 space. Example: -a file1.txt file2.txt file3.txt

-xu USERNAME
 Alias for -o username=USERNAME

-xp PASSWORD
 Alias for -o password=PASSWORD

-o username=USERNAME (synonym for -xu)
 These options allow specification of a username to be used with SMTP
 servers that require authentication. If a username is specified but a
 password is not, you will be prompted to enter one at runtime.

-o password=PASSWORD (synonym for -xp)
 These options allow specification of a password to be used with SMTP
 servers that require authentication. If a username is specified but a
 password is not, you will be prompted to enter one at runtime.

-o tls=<auto|yes|no>
 This option allows you to specify if TLS (SSL for SMTP) should be enabled
 or disabled. The default, auto, will use TLS automatically if your perl
 installation has the IO::Socket::SSL and Net::SSLeay modules available,
 and if the remote SMTP server supports TLS. To require TLS for message
 delivery set this to yes. To disable TLS support set this to no. A debug
 level of one or higher will reveal details about the status of TLS.

-o timeout=SECONDS
 This option sets the timeout value in seconds used for all network reads,
 writes, and a few other things.

-o fqdn=FQDN
 This option sets the Fully Qualified Domain Name used during the initial
 SMTP greeting. Normally this is automatically detected, but in case you
 need to manually set it for some reason or get a warning about detection
 failing, you can use this to override the default.

Links:

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5155923/sending-a-mail-from-a-linux-shell-script

http://www.logix.cz/michal/devel/smtp-cli/

http://teamcoding.com/blog/2010/02/24/sendmail-slash-exim-error-mailing-to-remote-domains-not-supported/

https://packages.debian.org/en/jessie/sendemail

about

apt-cache show sendemail
Package: sendemail
Version: 1.56-5
Installed-Size: 130
Maintainer: Alejandro Garrido Mota <alejandro@debian.org>
Architecture: all
Depends: perl, libio-socket-inet6-perl
Suggests: libio-socket-ssl-perl, libnet-ssleay-perl
Description-en: lightweight, command line SMTP email client
SendEmail is a lightweight, completely command line based, SMTP email
agent. It was designed to be used in bash scripts, Perl programs, and
web sites, but it is also quite useful in many other contexts.
.
SendEmail is written in Perl and is unique in that it
requires no special modules. It has a straight forward interface,
making it very easy to use.
Description-md5: 3b15c5b87101f930c45507b7f0fb3a6a
Homepage: http://www.caspian.dotconf.net/menu/Software/SendEmail/
Tag: implemented-in::perl, interface::commandline, interface::shell,
mail::smtp, mail::user-agent, network::client, protocol::smtp,
protocol::ssl, role::program, use::transmission, works-with::mail
Section: mail
Priority: optional
Filename: pool/main/s/sendemail/sendemail_1.56-5_all.deb
Size: 32164
MD5sum: d868d8afaded34d79a61839f5b661a5b
SHA1: f43f2a0f9de4a19f2cdf7d7956c9530147fc0c02
SHA256: 41dd5c0f7bce1fd3fa2199d144530a2531c355f8ae0dc207c644e3b5ad0afcb1

errors

if you get

/scripts/sendemail.sh Jun 13 11:42:17 debian8 sendemail[10140]: ERROR => TLS setup failed: SSL connect attempt failed error:14090086:SSL routines:SSL3_GET_SERVER_CERTIFICATE:certificate verify failed

add this:

sendemail -o tls=no

the server-way of sending mail and debugging

this does not work out of LAN.

dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config; # configure server-mail-software

echo "" > /var/log/exim4/mainlog; # reset mail log
 tail -f /var/log/exim4/mainlog & # give immediate output of things that are going on
 [1] 9092
 cat artikel.txt | mail -s "eine Datei" xxxxx@dwaves.de; # test mail with
 2017-05-22 11:07:39 1dCjJT-0002Mh-Mc <= root@debian U=root P=local S=478
 root@debian:/home/user# 2017-05-22 11:07:40 1dCjJT-0002Mh-Mc ** xxxxxx@dwaves.de R=dnslookup T=remote_smtp X=TLS1.2:ECDHE_RSA_AES_128_GCM_SHA256:128 DN="C=US,ST=California,L=San Francisco,O=Vesta Control Panel,OU=IT,CN=dwaves.de,EMAIL=xxxxxx@dwaves.de": SMTP error from remote mail server after RCPT TO:<xxxxxx@dwaves.de>: host dwaves.de [78.46.249.71]: 550-Verification failed for <root@debian>\n550-Unrouteable address\n550 Sender verify failed
 2017-05-22 11:07:40 1dCjJU-0002Mm-4N <= <> R=1dCjJT-0002Mh-Mc U=Debian-exim P=local S=1418
 2017-05-22 11:07:40 1dCjJT-0002Mh-Mc Completed
 2017-05-22 11:07:40 1dCjJU-0002Mm-4N => user <root@debian> R=local_user T=mail_spool
 2017-05-22 11:07:40 1dCjJU-0002Mm-4N Completed

 

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