tested on vesta cp (apach2+nginx+Debian 8.7)
this script could be placed into a file called:
#sh -c 'tail -f /var/log/vesta/*.log && tail -f /var/log/nginx/*.log' &
tail -f /var/log/vesta/*.log &
tail -f /var/log/nginx/*.log &
and you can run it every time you are curious what your webserver is currently doing.
220.127.116.11 - - [22/Jan/2017:15:59:55 +0100] POST /wp-login.php HTTP/1.1 "200" 3212 "http://domain.org/wp-login.php" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.0; rv:34.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/34.0" "-"
18.104.22.168 - - [22/Jan/2017:16:00:04 +0100] GET /robots.txt HTTP/1.1 "200" 104 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; seoscanners.net/1; +firstname.lastname@example.org)" "-"
22.214.171.124 - - [22/Jan/2017:16:00:05 +0100] POST /wp-cron.php?doing_wp_cron=1485097204.5705420970916748046875 HTTP/1.1 "499" 0 "domain.org/wp-cron.php?doing_wp_cron=1485097204.5705420970916748046875" "WordPress/4.7.1; http://domain.org" "-"
126.96.36.199 - - [22/Jan/2017:16:00:05 +0100] POST /xmlrpc.php HTTP/1.1 "200" 403 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:40.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/40.1" "-"
188.8.131.52 - - [22/Jan/2017:16:00:06 +0100] GET /wp-login.php HTTP/1.1 "200" 3007 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:40.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/40.1" "-"
184.108.40.206 - - [22/Jan/2017:16:00:06 +0100] GET /2014/11/06/opendns-mit-fritzbox-7170/ HTTP/1.1 "200" 74294 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; seoscanners.net/1; +email@example.com)" "-"
220.127.116.11 - - [22/Jan/2017:16:00:06 +0100] POST /wp-login.php HTTP/1.1 "200" 3965 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:40.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/40.1" "-"
as you can see massive amounts of access to wp-login.php is done, in order to brute-force into workdpress.
that’s what fail2ban should actually take care of.
domains i found interesting accessing my site:
http://seoscanners.net/ – GoDaddy – „Welcome to: seoscanners.net This Web page is parked for FREE, courtesy of GoDaddy.com.“ wtf?
https://ahrefs.com/robot – „Track your backlinks, keywords, brand mentions and know what your competitors are doing“
http://www.google.com/bot.html – of course 😀
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