1. innstall alsa
2. vlc player -> preferences -> devices -> choose different device than default:

Output Module: ALSA audio output
Device: HDA ATI SB ALC892 Analog Front Speaker

3. terminal -> start alsamixer -> F6 choose device HDA ATI SB -> make shure all channels are UNMUTED (press m) and all volumes are up (key up)

# VLC: reports
Audio output failed:
The audio device "default" could not be used: No such file or directory.

apt-get install alsa

cat /proc/asound/card0/codec* | grep Codec
Codec: ATI R6xx HDMI

cat /proc/asound/cards
 0 [Generic        ]: HDA-Intel - HD-Audio Generic
                      HD-Audio Generic at 0xfeb44000 irq 41
 1 [SB             ]: HDA-Intel - HDA ATI SB
                      HDA ATI SB at 0xfeb40000 irq 16

lshw -C sound # detect sound hardware

# sample output

       description: Audio device
       product: Wrestler HDMI Audio [Radeon HD 6250/6310]
       vendor: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] nee ATI
       physical id: 1.1
       bus info: pci@0000:00:01.1
       version: 00
       width: 32 bits
       clock: 33MHz
       capabilities: pm pciexpress msi bus_master cap_list
       configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=0
       resources: irq:41 memory:feb44000-feb47fff
       description: Audio device
       product: SBx00 Azalia (Intel HDA)
       vendor: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] nee ATI
       physical id: 14.2
       bus info: pci@0000:00:14.2
       version: 40
       width: 64 bits
       clock: 33MHz
       capabilities: pm bus_master cap_list
       configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=32
       resources: irq:16 memory:feb40000-feb43fff